See also: KNMI Climate Explorer ICA&D EURO4M project




Welcome to the website of the European Climate Assessment & Dataset project. Presented is information on changes in weather and climate extremes, as well as the daily dataset needed to monitor and analyse these extremes. ECA&D was initiated by the ECSN in 1998 and has received financial support from the EUMETNET and the European Commission.


What's new?


The database is updated until: Jun 30, 2014.

July 2014 - Data added from the Baltic Sea Experiment (BALTEX) for countries southeast of the Baltic Sea (2300 rain gauge series and 182 snow depth series).

July 2014 - New data series added for 50 rain gauge station from the southern part of Tyrol (modern day Italy). Series roughly cover the period 1893-1913. Data and metadata digitized from records of Austrian Hydrologic Office and ZAMG by University of Bern.

May 2014 - New data series for 5 Catalonian stations from Meteorological Service of Catalonia plus updated metadata.

April 2014 - E-OBS version 10.0 has been released.

April 2014 - New series for cloud cover, humidity and pressure for Croatian stations Varazdin and Zadar provided by the Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia.

March 2014 - Updated Croatian series with data to the end of 2013 provided by the Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia. Stations Knin, Varazdin and Zadar new additions.

March 2014 - Updated Slovakian series with data to the end of 2013 provided by the Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute.

March 2014 - Updated UK series with 2012 data provided by the National Climate Information Centre in Exeter.

All news items



WMO logo

ECA&D forms the backbone of the climate data node in the Regional Climate Centre (RCC) for WMO Region VI (Europe and the Middle East) since 2010. The data and information products contribute to the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS).


Participants and data

map of participating countries

Today, ECA&D is receiving data from 65 participants for 62 countries and the ECA dataset contains 40024 series of observations for 12 elements at 10211 meteorological stations throughout Europe and the Mediterranean (see Daily data > Data dictionary). 57% of these daily series can be downloaded from this website for non-commercial research and education. Participation to ECA&D is open to anyone maintaining daily station data. If you want to join please contact us. See our data policy for more details.


E-OBS gridded dataset

E-OBS image

E-OBS version 10.0 has been released. E-OBS is a daily gridded observational dataset for precipitation, temperature and sea level pressure in Europe based on ECA&D information. The full dataset covers the period 1950-01-01 until 2013-12-31. It has originally been developed as part of the ENSEMBLES project (EU-FP6) and is now maintained and elaborated as part of the EURO4M project (EU-FP7).



Involvement logo

ECA&D has close links with the projects and initiatives below.

Meteoalarm   International Surface Temperature Initiative   EURO4M   ENSEMBLES   MILLENNIUM   ACRE   ETCCDI   EEA   Copernicus/GMES   AOPC  

Joint research projects exist between ECA&D and the following institutes or initiatives

MEDARE Initiative   ETH   JRC   SMHI  



Contact us

ECA&D Project Team
Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI)

P.O. Box 201
3730 AE De Bilt
The Netherlands
fax: + 31 30 2204614


Aryan van Engelen

Albert Klein Tank

Gerard van der Schrier

Else van den Besselaar

Conny Schiks

Robert Leander

Gé Verver



Studio KNMI


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