See also: KNMI Climate Explorer ICA&D C3S2_311_Lot3

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ECA&D involvement

ECA&D has close links with several projects and initiatives. These are described below.




EUSTACE is a H2020 project which addressed the key transformational challenge in utilising Earth Observation surface skin temperature data, namely the derivation of surface air temperature consistently across all surfaces of Earth from land and lakes to ocean and ice. ECA&D has provided homogenized daily air surface temperature measurements for Europe to this project.



The Integrated approach for the development across Europe of user oriented climate indicators for GFCS high-priority sectors: Agriculture, disaster risk reduction, energy, health, water and tourism (INDECIS) is is part of ERA4CS, an ERA-NET initiated by JPI Climate, and funded by FORMAS (SE), DLR (DE), BMWFW (AT), IFD (DK), MINECO (ES), ANR (FR) with co-funding by the European Union. INDECIS will provide an integrated approach to produce a set of relevant climate indices targeting the high priority sectors of the World Meteorological Organization's Global Framework for Climate Services. In INDECIS, station data from ECA&D are quality controlled and homogenized and made available to the scientific community.


C3S logo

ECA&D provides the backbone of the Copernicus Climate Change (C3S) service C3S_311a_Lot4 about gridded ECVs and indices for Europe. More information and products of this service can be found on the dedicated portal.


Meteoalarm logo

ECA&D provides input for the EUMETNET website Meteoalarm, which presents all extreme weather warnings from the official National Public Weather Services in Europe. In an attempt to harmonize the warning thresholds, the daily station data of ECA&D are used to derive a consistent climatology of severe weather events for all participating countries. The results of this effort are available here.


International Surface Temperature Initiative

Surface temperature logo

ECA&D contributes European information to the global databank for observed land surface temperatures which is part of the International Surface Temperature Initiative. The climate community works together in this initiative to create a clean, comprehensive, open and version controlled repository of detailed temperature data.



UERRA logo

UERRA is a European FP7 reanalysis project of meteorological observations. It includes recovery of historical (last century) data, estimating uncertainties in the reanalyses and user friendly data services. It aims to contribute to a future Copernicus climate change service. ECA&D and E-OBS information from ground-based sources will be used in validating reanalysis products.



Euro4m logo

EURO4M is a European Union project (EU-FP7) which aims to develop multi-decadal sets of Essential Climate Variable products at high spatial and temporal resolution. ECA&D information from ground-based sources will be integrated with satellite sources and regional reanalysis in a comprehensive way for long-term climate monitoring and adaptation policy support. This will deliver the best possible and most complete (gridded) climate change time series and monitoring services covering all of Europe.




ENSEMBLES based Predictions of Climate Changes and their Impacts is a European Union project under FP6. Within this project, a common ensemble climate forecast system has been developed for use across a range of timescales (seasonal, decadal, and longer) and spatial scales (global, regional, and local). The production of daily gridded datasets (E-OBS) for surface climate variables is part of the project (RT5).



Millennium logo

MILLENNIUM is a European Union project under FP6 that aimed to answer a single question: Does the magnitude and rate of 20th Century climate change exceed the natural variability of European climate over the last millennium? As part of this project, monthly aggregated station datasets for precipitation and temperature indices have been developed on the basis of ECA&D.



ACRE logo

ECA&D works with the international Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) initiative to undertake and facilitate the recovery of historical instrumental surface terrestrial and marine global weather observations. This helps underpin 4D weather reconstructions (reanalyses) spanning the last 200-250 years for climate applications and impacts needs worldwide.




Indices definitions used in ECA&D are harmonized with the international definitions of the Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI). The ETCCDI is a joint expert team of the WMO Commission for Climatology (CCL), the Research Programme on Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) and the Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM). The team is putting particular emphasis on indices derived from daily data for the analysis of climate extremes.



EEA logo

The European Environment Agency (EEA) uses ECA&D indices as part of a group of environmental indices monitored by EEA on a regular basis. Key results are reported in their Environmental Assessment reports.



GMES logo

ECA&D forms a building block for a future Copernicus/GMES Climate Service which is fully complementary and supporting the existing operational services. Copernicus, previously known as GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security), is the European Programme for the establishment of a European capacity for Earth Observation.



AOPC logo

ECA&D works with the GCOS/WCRP Atmospheric Observation Panel for Climate (AOPC) to provide scientific and technical input concerning atmospheric observations for climate. The ECA Datasets of GCOS Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) support the work of the UNFCCC and the IPCC.




EUPORIAS is a European FP7 project which aims to develop and deliver a reliable and trusted impact prediction system for two or three semi-operational prototypes. These will provide working examples of 'end-to-end' climate-to-impacts-to-decision-making services operating on the Seasonal and Decadal (S2D) time scales. ECA&D and E-OBS provide observation-based maps of Climate Impact Indices which are focused on within the EUPORIAS prototypes.



CHARMe logo

CHARMe is a European FP7 project which aims to allow users to view or create annotations that describe how climate data has been used and what has been learned. The CHARMe system will collect and share annotations associated with climate datasets. This information is called commentary metadata. Users will be able to add or view commentary metadata, complementing existing information from the data providers. ECA&D puts E-OBS forward as one of the datasets users can comment on.