See also: KNMI Climate Explorer ICA&D Copernicus/C3S_311a_Lot4




Welcome to the website of the European Climate Assessment & Dataset project. Presented is information on changes in weather and climate extremes, as well as the daily dataset needed to monitor and analyse these extremes. ECA&D was initiated by the ECSN in 1998 and has received financial support from the EUMETNET and the European Commission.


What's new?


The database is updated until: May 31, 2021.

June 2021 - Updates for 2020 have been included for Denmark and Greenland (kindly provided by DMI)".

June 2021 - Updates for 32 stations in Latvia have been kindly provided by the Latvian Environmental, Geological and Meteorological Agency

May 2021 - Series for France have been updated for 2020 (kindly provided by Météo-France).

May 2021 - Updates for the stations in Croatia have been kindly provided by the Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia

March 2021 - E-OBSv23.1e has been released, covering the period 1 Jan 1950 - 31 Dec 2020. Relative humidity has been added for 1 Jan 1980 - 31 Dec 2020.

March 2021 - Updates for station Lisboa Geofisica until March 2020 have been included, kindly provided by the Instituto Dom Luiz

March 2021 - Updates for UK for 2019 have been included (kindly provided by National Climate Information Centre)

All news items



WMO logo

ECA&D forms the backbone of the climate data node in the Regional Climate Centre (RCC) for WMO Region VI (Europe and the Middle East) since 2010. The data and information products contribute to the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS).


Participants and data

map of participating countries

Today, ECA&D is receiving data from 79 participants for 65 countries and the ECA dataset contains 74317 series of observations for 13 elements at 20131 meteorological stations throughout Europe and the Mediterranean (see Daily data > Data dictionary). 75% of these daily series can be downloaded from this website for non-commercial research and education. Participation to ECA&D is open to anyone maintaining daily station data. If you want to join please contact us. See our data policy for more details.


E-OBS gridded dataset

E-OBS image

E-OBS version 23.1e has been released. E-OBS is a daily gridded observational dataset for precipitation, temperature and sea level pressure in Europe based on ECA&D information. The full dataset covers the period 1950-01-01 until 2020-06-30. It has originally been developed and updated as parts of the ENSEMBLES (EU-FP6), EURO4M (EU-FP7) and UERRA (EU-FP7) projects. Currently it is maintained and elaborated as part of the Copernicus Climate Change Services.



Involvement logo

ECA&D has close links with the projects and initiatives below.

EUSTACE   INDECIS   Copernicus/C3S   Meteoalarm   International Surface Temperature Initiative   UERRA   EURO4M   ENSEMBLES   MILLENNIUM   ACRE   ETCCDI   EEA   AOPC   EUPORIAS   CHARMe  

Joint research projects exist between ECA&D and the following institutes or initiatives

MEDARE Initiative   ETH   JRC   SMHI  



Contact us

ECA&D Project Team
Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI)

P.O. Box 201
3730 AE De Bilt
The Netherlands


Gerard van der Schrier

Else van den Besselaar

Conny Schiks

Gé Verver



Studio KNMI


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